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2nd World Congress on Pathology and Clinical Practice, will be organized around the theme “”
Pathologycongress-2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Pathologycongress-2020
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Pathology is the medical specialty concerned with the study of the nature and causes of diseases. It deals with the diagnosis and management of disease by use of every component of laboratory medicine and every diagnostic technique, including examination of the patient.
There are three main subtypes of Pathology: Anatomical pathology, Clinical pathology, and Molecular pathology. These subtypes can be broken down into even more specific categories; pathology is a diverse field because so many different diseases and ways of studying diseases exist.
Track 1: Anatomical Pathology
Anatomical pathology is a study that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the microscopic, macroscopic, molecular, immunologic and biochemical examination of organs and tissues. It also includes examination of the chemical properties of cells, and their immunological markers. This includes Surgical pathology is the examination of tissues removed during surgery. A common example is the examination of a small piece of tumour tissue to determine whether the tumour is malignant (cancerous) or benign and make a diagnosis. This procedure is called a biopsy. Histopathology is the examination of cells under a microscope which are stained with dye to make them visible or easier to see. Often, antibodies are used to label different parts of the cells with different colours of dye or fluorescence. Cytopathology is the examination of cells from various body sites to determine the cause or the nature of disease.
Track 2: Clinical Pathology
Clinical pathology deals with the diagnosis of disease through laboratory analysis of body fluids and tissues. Sometimes, the field of Clinical pathology is also referred to as the field of laboratory medicine as the chemical components of blood are analysed, along with cells and identifying if any microorganisms such as bacteria are present in a sample. This includes Chemical pathology that involves the study of blood and its immune components like white blood cells. Commonly, it involves the chemical analysis of body fluids, through testing and microscopy. Haematology is also related to the study of blood, but it has more to do with identifying blood diseases specifically than chemical pathology do. Hematologists also study the bone marrow and lymph system, which includes other parts of the hematopoietic system. Immunology, or immunopathology, is the study of immune system disorders. It deals with immune responses to foreign molecules, allergies, immunodeficiency, and organ transplant rejection.
Track 3: Molecular Pathology
Molecular pathology is the study of abnormalities of tissues and cells at the molecular level. It is a broad category that is used to refer to the study of disease of any organ or tissue in the body by examining what molecules are present in cells. This consists about both the aspects clinical and anatomical pathology. Some techniques that can be used in molecular pathology include polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify DNA, fluorescence labelling, karyotype imaging of chromosomes, and DNA microarrays (small samples of DNA placed onto biochips).
Track 4: Pediatric Pathology
Pediatric pathology is of pathologists who are specialized in the pathology of the foetus, neonate or child. A perinatal pathologist is concerned with normal foetal development, congenital abnormalities and problems during pregnancy, labour, and early neonatal life. Pediatric pathology is specific to age rather than specific to organ and helps in investigation of that organ which is specific to the foetus and the placenta. Degenerative diseases are not usual in children but tumours are relatively common, despite the types of tumour are different from those in adults. Pediatrics Pathology involves a complex development ranging from embryos to teenagers, encompassing not on.
Track 5: Cutaneous Diseases
Dermatopathology is a subspecialty of anatomic pathology that focuses on the skin and its derivatives. There are two paths a physician can take to obtain the specialization. All general pathologists and general dermatologists train in the pathology of the skin, so the term dermatopathologist denotes either a general pathologist or a dermatologist can undergo a 1 to 2 year fellowship in the field of Dermatopathology, either of these who has reached a certainly level of accreditation and experience; in the USA,. Dermatopathologist must maintain a broad base of knowledge in clinical dermatology, and be familiar with several other specialty areas in Medicine. Dermatologists are able to recognize most skin diseases based on their appearances, behaviour and anatomic distributions. Sometimes, a skin biopsy is taken to be examined under the microscope using usual histological tests as it do not lead to conclusion based on above criteria.
Track 6: Cardiac Pathology
Cardiac pathology is the study of several diseases that are associated with heart. Diseases like congenital heart disease, hypertensive cardiovascular disease, ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathies, myocarditis, valvular heart disease, pericardial disease, and cardiac tumours will be discussed in cardiac pathology. Classic symptoms of heart disease are chest pain or discomfort, dyspnoea, palpitations, syncope, and edema. Dyspnoea is an uncomfortable awareness of breathing. Orthopnea is dyspnoea when in the recumbent position due to increased venous return and increased pulmonary venous pressure. Patients with Orthopnea sleep upright on pillows to avoid becoming short of breath. Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea is when patients awaken with dyspnoea 2–4 hours after falling asleep (due to central redistribution of peripheral edema).
Track 7: Immunopathology
Immunopathology is a branch of medicine that deals with the pathology of an organ system, organism with respect to the immunity, immune system, and immune responses associated with disease. It includes the Manifestations of immunopathology conferences are exceptional to a patient and can include: photosensitivity, muscle shortcoming, torment anyplace, weariness, rash, queasiness, migraine, ringing in the ears, deadness, sinus clog, nasal stuffiness and looseness of the bowels, toothache, and influenza like body ache, crabbiness, hack, stoppage rest unsettling influences, sorrow, fever/chills, and "cerebrum mist".
Track 8: Breast Cancer
Breast pathology is the study of several diseases that are associated with the breast. One of the most common diseases is breast cancer that occurs in the breast tissue, commonly in the cells that line the milk ducts of the breast. When breast cells activate to grow out of control it leads to tumour, called breast cancer. Tumour formed by these cells can be seen on an x-ray as a lump. It becomes malignant, when tumour cells develop into surrounding tissues and spread to distant parts of the body. Sarcomas and lymphomas are not really considered as breast cancer.
Track 9: Diseases of Nervous tissue
A Neuropathologist is the person who studies the disease of nervous system tissue, usually in the form of surgical biopsies or in the case of autopsy. If the diagnosis cannot be made by less invasive methods, we can diagonise through biopsy of nervous tissue taken from the brain or spinal cord. Biopsy is usually performed after a mass is detected by medical imaging. The principal work of the Neuropathologist is to help in the post-mortem diagnosis of various conditions that affect the central nervous system.
Track 10: Diseases and Diagnosis of Lungs
Pulmonary pathology is a subspecialty of anatomic pathology that deals with diagnosis and characterization of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases of the lungs and thoracic pleura. Diagnostic specimens are often obtained via bronchoscopic trans bronchial biopsy, CT-guided percutaneous biopsy, or video-assisted thoracic surgery. These tests can be necessary to diagnose between infection, inflammation, or fibrotic conditions.
Track 11: Renal Pathology
Renal pathology is the study that deals with the diagnosis and characterization of disease of the kidneys. It is a subspecialty of anatomic pathology. Renal pathologists work with nephrologists and transplant surgeons. They obtain diagnostic specimens via percutaneous renal biopsy. The renal pathologist must synthesize findings from traditional microscope histology, electron microscopy, and immunofluorescence to obtain a definitive diagnosis.
Track 12: Forensic Pathology
Forensic pathology study majorly focuses on determining the cause of death by post-mortem examination of a corpse or partial remains. During criminal investigations, an autopsy is commonly performed by a medical examiner, where they are frequently asked to confirm the identity of a dead body. In this Forensic pathology, the deaths of unknown cause and unnatural are investigated.
Track 13: Cytopathology
Cytopathology is a sub-speciality of anatomical pathology concerned with the microscopic examination of individual cells obtained from exfoliation or fine-needle aspirates. Cytopathologists are trained to perform fine-needle aspirates of superficially located organs, masses, or cysts and are often able to render an immediate diagnosis in the presence of the patient and consulting physician. In the case of screening tests such as the Papanicolaou (pap) smear, non-physician cytotechnologists are often employed to perform initial reviews, with only positive or uncertain cases examined by the pathologist. Cytopathology is a board-certifiable subspecialty in the U.S.
Track 14: Histopathology
In clinical medicine, histopathology refers to the microscopic examination of various forms of a biopsy or surgical specimen by a pathologist, after the specimen has been processed and histological sections have been placed onto glass slides. The examination of tissues starts with surgery, biopsy, or autopsy. The tissue is removed from the body of an organism and then placed in a fixative (formalin) that stabilizes the tissues to prevent decay. The sections must be stained with one or more pigments to see the tissue under a microscope. Staining is done to reveal cellular components; counterstains are used to provide contrast.
Track 15: Diseases of Blood cells
Hematopathology is the study of diseases of blood cells (such as white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets) and the tissues, and organs comprising the hematopoietic system. The term hematopoietic system refers to tissues and organs that includes bone marrow, the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, and other lymphoid tissues.
Track 16: Psychopathology
Psychopathology is the study of mental illness and particularly of severe disorders. The purpose of psychopathology is to classify mental illness, elucidate its underlying causes, and guide clinical psychiatric treatment accordingly. Mental behaviours or social disorders seen generally as unhealthy or excessive in a given individual, to the point where they cause harm or severe disruption to the sufferer's lifestyle, are often called "pathological" (e.g., pathological gambling or pathological liar).
Track 17: Speech and Oral maxillofacial Pathology
The components of speech pathology include study and details about producing sound, phonation; resonance; intonation, fluency; variance of pitch; and voice, including aeromechanical components of respiration. The components of language include: morphology- understanding and using minimal units of meaning; phonology- manipulating sound according to the rules of a language; syntax- constructing sentences by using languages' grammar rules; semantics - interpreting signs or symbols of communication to construct meaning; and pragmatics - social aspects of communication.
Oral and maxillofacial pathology deals with the diagnosis, clinical management and investigation of diseases that affect the oral cavity, including surrounding maxillofacial structures such as epithelial tissues, salivary gland, bone and soft tissue pathologies. It also intersects with the field of dental pathology. Diseases of the mouth, jaw and orofacial skin related structures such as salivary glands, temporomandibular joints; facial muscles and perioral skin are also included in the study.
Track 18: Animal Diseases and Pathogens
Veterinary pathologists are doctors of veterinary medicine who is specialized in the diagnosis of diseases through the examination of animal tissue and body fluids. Anatomical pathology (Commonwealth) or Anatomic pathology (U.S.) is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the gross examination, microscopic, and molecular examination of organs, tissues, and whole bodies (necropsy).Clinical pathology is a sub speciality of veterinary pathology which is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the laboratory analysis of body fluids such as blood, urine or tissue aspirates using the tools of chemistry, microbiology, haematology and molecular pathology.
Track 19: Phytopathogens
Plant pathology (also phytopathology) is the scientific study of diseases in plants caused by pathogens (infectious organisms) and environmental conditions (physiological factors). The field is deeply connected to plant disease epidemiology and the horticulture of species that are of high importance to the human diet or other uses.
Track 20: Primary Care in Infectious Diseases, Causes and Symptoms
Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, though which the sicknesses can be spread, explicitly beginning with one individual and all. Zoonotic illnesses are animal diseases that can make infection when transmitted to individuals. Treatment of viral pollutions, like HIV incorporates tolerance and great favour including antiretroviral treatment. Bacterial Infections can be controlled by managing enemy of disease. Yeast Infections can be treated by purification procedures. Disorders, for example, Cancer can be managed by Chemotherapy. Irresistible illnesses are caused by organisms, infection, microbes and parasites. Each of them has its own particular signs and indications that incorporate fever, looseness of the bowels, weakness and muscle hurts.
Track 21: Innovation in measuring and improving patient care
This exceptional issue of Healthcare will concentrate on clearing up the advantages, restrictions, and trade-offs of actualizing conveyance framework advancements on patient consideration encounters, including however not constrained to: interprofessional care group approaches, tolerant enactment and commitment instruments and mediations, shared basic leadership with choice guides, bunch visits, and wellbeing instructing by lay wellbeing specialists.